This fact sheet compiled by Guttmacher Institute provides detailed information and data from a variety of resources regarding sexually transmitted diseases in the United States. A variety of topics are discussed including medical costs, symptoms, populations at risk, chlamydia, syphilis, hepatitis B, gonorrhea, HPV, HIV, AIDS, prevention, testing, and treatment.
Some interesting facts include:
- Close to 40% of people who test positive for HIV are diagnosed with full-blown AIDS within one year, and the majority of those who get an HIV test late in the course of their infection do so because they are already ill.
- To date, there are vaccines for only two viral STIs: hepatitis B and HPV. The hepatitis B vaccine was introduced in 1982, and today an estimated 70 million adolescents and adults, and more than 50 million infants and children, have received at least one dose of the vaccine. The vaccine protecting against four high-risk strains of HPV was introduced in 2006, and as of December 31, 2008, 23 million doses of the vaccine had been distributed in the United States.
- Direct medical costs associated with STIs in the United States are estimated at $14.7 billion annually in 2006 dollars. More than $8 billion is spent each year to diagnose and treat STIs and their complications, not including HIV.