HIV Prevention Education and HIV-Related Policies in Secondary Schools — Selected Sites, United States (2006)

In order to determine the prevalence and extent of HIV prevention education and the prevalence of HIV infection policies among public secondary schools, the Centers for Disease Control analyzed data from the 2006 School Health Profiles for schools in 36 states and 13 large urban school districts.
The results showed that while most schools taught HIV prevention in a required health education course, only a few schools ended up teaching all 11 topics listed in the questionnaire related to HIV prevention.  The 11 topics were–“abstinence as the most effective method to avoid pregnancy, HIV, and STDs; how to correctly use a condom; condom efficacy; risks associated with having multiple sexual partners; social or cultural influences on sexual behavior; how to prevent HIV infection; how HIV is transmitted; how HIV affects the human body; influence of alcohol and other drugs on HIV-related risk behaviors; how to find valid information or services related to HIV or HIV testing; and compassion for persons living with HIV or AIDS.”
The results of this study also revealed that only approximately half of the schools surveyed had a policy in place regarding students or staff members with HIV or AIDS and less than half of the health educators surveyed have received staff development on HIV prevention during the prior 2 years.
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