This report is part of the Center of Disease Control Health Disparities and Inequalities Report (CHDIR) 2013. It aims to highlight and raise awareness of differences in the characteristics of females aged <20 years who become pregnant and give birth and to prompt actions to reduce these disparities.
CDC examined 2007 and 2010 birth rate (live births, induced abortions, and fetal losses) data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) and comparable data for earlier years. Characteristics analyzed included four age groups (10–14, 15–19, 15–17, and 18–19 years), race, ethnicity, and state. Household income and educational attainment were not analyzed.
- Data showed little change in the proportion of males and females aged 15–19 years who have ever had sex
- In 2010, the U.S. birth rate for females aged 15–19 years had decreased 45% since the 1991 peak
- The pregnancy rate in 2008 for females aged 15–19 years was the lowest ever in the more than 3 decades
- Birth rates for females aged 15–19 years tend to be highest in the South and Southwest and lowest in the Northeast and upper Midwest
- Birth rate decreases ranged from 40% and 42% for non-Hispanic white and Hispanic females aged 18–19 years, to 47% to 56% for non-Hispanic black, America Indian/Alaska Native, and Asian/Pacific Islander females aged 18–19 years
3 tables are also available that show birth rates for females by age, race/ethnicity, and state.
Citation: Ventura, S.J., Hamilton, B.E., Mathews, T.J. Pregnancy and Childbirth Among Females Aged 10–19 Years – United States, 2007–2010. 2013. CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report- United States, 2013. Supplement. Vol. 62. No. 3. 71-76.