This is a report that talks about how to do comprehensive sexual education with youth that have been through trauma.
It covers sexual health, sexual education, populations affected, preventions, trauma, strengths and needs, therapeutic services and safety plans for those who have experienced trauma.
Click on the link before to read more.
My2024 is an online game, a national conversation, and a giant party for 10 days in October 2014 asking lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) people across the United States how our lives and communities could change in the year 2024.
This is a good resource for young LGBTQ people and those that work with them, including but not limited to teachers, nurses, medics, counselors, therapists, professors and parents. It is also a good resource for those questioning. A very good resource for those who do not identify but are students in a school setting.
Click here to read more.
FUFA: Females United for Action was a non for profit organization that worked with young women and gender queer youth in Chicago. They organized a traveling photo exhibit called “Alternative Windows” which allowed the participants and viewers to document images of people of color that were not begin shown on mainstream media. This group is most know for their campaign against La Ley’s 107.9 sexist billboard ads “25 Pegaditas”. The group formed a campaign to take down the billboards from CTA busses and trains and on the streets. FUFA was successful in this campaign and the billboards were taken down.
The group also fought back censorship from Gallery 37 when one of the FUFA members submitted a nude picture of three generations in her family and it was turned down by Gallery 37. FUFA protested the Gallery 37 decision in an effort to let the young person submit the picture and be a part of the showcase.
FUFA does not operate as a 501c3 anymore but the relationships that were built between the members still exist and are strong.
This resource is helpful for those working with young people who want to start their own group, feminist, youth groups and those who want to start campaigns.
Check out their wordpress here.
Check out their facebebook page here.
This document encourages parents to get involved in schools and lists out the benefits of getting involved and how and why parents should get involved.
This document is for parents, school administrators that want more parents to get involved and youth who want their parents to get involved or already have parents who are involved.
Click here to read the document.
This is a list of characteristics that understanding parents have.
- respecting the young person
- finding resources and educational materials to share with the young person.
- seeking additional help when needed
- talking about sexuality in an open manner with the young person
- check in with young person about their life, dating life and partners
To read the entire list click here.
There are many components that make up reproductive health for Latinas including: STI’s, depression, lower rates of access to healthcare, etc. Focusing on just pregnancy prevention leaves out many other factors young Latinas face.
This article focuses on how to better understand the needs of Latinas in terms of reproductive health. It
- pushes for inclusion of immigrant Latinas
- asks that the reproductive field take into account socioeconomics
- proposes policies to watch out for
Check out the full article here.
This reference guide was created in 2004 by the American Academy of Family Physicians. It is a reference guide that provides information as a key for health professionsl to ensure that adolescents have access to the health services they need. It includes sexual and reproductive health services information.
- Sexual activity and sexual abuse are not synonymous. It should not be assumed that adolescents who are sexually active are, by definition, being abused. Many adolescents have consensual sexual relationships.
- It is critical that adolescents who are sexually active receive appropriate confidential health care and counseling.
- Open and confidential communication between the health professional and the adolescent patient, together with careful clinical assessment, can identify the majority of sexual abuse cases.
- Physicians and other health professionals must know their state laws and report cases of sexual abuse to the proper authority, in accordance with those laws, after discussion with the adolescent and parent, as appropriate.
- Federal and state laws should support physicians and other health care professionals and their role in providing confidential health care to their adolescent patients.
- Federal and state laws should affirm the authority of physicians and other health care professionals to exercise appropriate clinical judgment in reporting cases of sexual activity.
Click here to read more about providing the best care for adolescents
This newsletter published by Child Trends is an informative resource that clarifies a lot of common questions regarding adolescent mental health. The newsletter contains definitions of mental health terminology, facts and figures about current mental health trends, a list of warning signs and common mental disorders among adolescents. There is also information about treatment, mental healthcare access and barriers to care, strategies for reducing mental disorders among adolescents and a list of comprehensive resources.
Murphey, D., Barry, M., and B. Vaughn. (2013). Mental Health Disorders. Child Trends Adolescent Health Highlights.
Link to “Mental Health Disorders”
EngenderHealth is a global organization dedicated to activism in sexual and reproductive health, specializing in women’s health. For over seven decades, EngenderHealth has been a positive force for improving the lives of men, women, and families with their impressive range of programming. According to their mission, EngenderHealth works to “promote gender equity, advocate for sound practices and policies, and inspire people to assert their rights to better, healthier lives” by partnering with local organizations in dozens of countries around the world.
The website is home to a wide array of resources published by EngenderHealth, including training curricula, clinical guidelines, instructional videos, brochures, papers, and articles, many of which are available for free download. These materials cover topics such as Family Planning, HIV, AIDS, and STIs, Maternal Health, and Gender Equity, among others. They have a variety of informational videos as well.
This research study, conducted by the Pew Research Center in collaboration with the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, examines the relationships of teenagers with the various social media that are a big part of modern life. The study states that social media are designed to encourage the sharing of personal information in a public form and, though teenagers have confidence in their ability to adjust the privacy settings of their profiles, they overwhelmingly feel unconcerned about the possibility of unwanted third parties contacting them or accessing their information. Furthermore, the amount of information being shared by teens online has risen significantly since the last study conducted in 2006.
While the study does not explicitly reference any specific implications, the results are relevant to adolescent sexual health in a variety of ways, including the potential for exposure to solicitation or unwanted advertising by companies and individuals and the task of building and maintaining relationships, as well as an online presence and reputation. It is important that youth learn about the responsible use of social media and the potential risks of sharing personal information online.
The Pew Research Center provides nonpartisan, factual information to the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping America and the world. To read the full report, visit their webpage or click the image above.
Black youth and inner-city youth have disproportionately high rates of STDs with socioeconomic factors and environmental factors as determinants to this health disparity. Using the Perceived Risk of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (PRSTD) cohort study based in Baltimore, researchers surveyed 50 young people between the ages 16 – 21, who used STD services at a local health clinic. Participants were asked open-ended questions like “Tell me about your most recent sexual relationship?” and “What did you give/get from this relationship?” Questions about the seriousness of the relationship and also economic standing were also asked.
- Three main themes related to sex partner selection and sexual relationship dynamics emerged in the in-depth interviews: types of sex partners and desired traits, monogamy and affective needs. (Andrinopoulous et al., 2006, p. 134)
- “From the perspective of women, there exists only one category or type of sex partner […] thought of as romantic partners” (Andrinopoulous et al., 2006, p. 134)
- For many women, the ideal romantic partner is physically attractive, can manage finances well and can pay for gifts. Some participants also said that the manner in which the romantic partner earns money and the status associated with the job are important factors. (Andrinopoulous et al., 2006, p. 134)
- “From the perspective of men, there are two distinct types of partners, sex-only and romantic.” (Andrinopoulous et al., 2006, p. 134)
- “Men emphasized the importance of characteristics related to personality and financial and education status more than appearance.” (Andrinopoulous et al., 2006, p. 134
- Women and men in the study believed that a partner who is “clean” and “hygienic” in appearance is also “clean” of STD infection. (Andrinopoulous et al., 2006, p. 134)
- “Young women desire a monogamous romantic partner, rather than a casual sex partner; however, to fulfill their desire for emotional intimacy, they often accept a relationship with a nonmonogamous partner.” (Andrinopoulous et al., 2006, p. 132)
- “Young men seek both physical and emotional benefits from being in a relationship; having a partner helps them to feel wanted, and they gain social status among their peers when they have multiple partners.” (Andrinopoulous et al., 2006, p. 132)
Citation: Andrinopoulous, K., Kerrigan, D., & Ellen, J.M. (2006). Understanding sex partner selection from the perspective of inner-city Black adolescents. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. Vol. 38., Number 3., 132-138
Link to PDF.
The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy (NCPTUP) conducted a survey asking young people ages 12-17 to describe their own thoughts and beliefs on love and relationships. This survey packet describes a conversation disconnect between parents and teens. Included in the magazine are tips to start conversations for both adults and teens.
- Most teens (68%) reported that their friends are in “healthy” relationships but about 1 in 5 teens say that their friends are not in “healthy” relationship.
- Most teens agreed that trust is a very important part of a “healthy” relationship.
- Teens said that parents influence their decisions regarding dating and relationships.
- 1 in 4 teens find it difficult to talk to their parents about relationship issues
- “Almost one in seven teens have sex before age 15, so having a strong history of communicating about appropriate relationships, love, and sex is important. In fact, most teens say it would be easier for them to delay sex and avoid pregnancy if they were able to have more open, honest conversations about these topics with their parents.”
- Teen girls look towards parents as role models for healthy relationships while teen boys look toward friends as role models.
- “Most teens say that they have never felt pressure to be in a romantic relationship before they were ready”
Citation: The National Campaign To Prevent Teen Pregnancy. (2007) Kiss and tell: What teens say about love, trust, and other relationship stuff. Retrieved from http://www.thenationalcampaign.org/resources/pdf/pubs/kiss_tell.pdf
Link to magazine.
This “Issues at a Glance” piece from Advocates For Youth discusses that young people gain more from an experience when they are directly involved in program development/sexual health programming. This article also provides effective tips on implementing youth involvement. Some of their findings include:
- Programs for youth developed in partnership of youth and adults:
- build young people’s skills, reduce their sexual risk-taking behaviors
- benefit the youth who help to develop the program
- have a greater impact on the young people served
- Encouraging youth participation allows the organization to gain a more credible and a honest perspective of young people’s needs
- Encourages adults to adopt the attitude of viewing Youths as Partners rather than Youths as Objects or Youths as Recipients
Citation: Klindera, K. & Menderweld, J. (2001). Youth involvement in prevention programs. Advocates for Youth. p. 1-4
Link to article in English.
Link to article in Spanish.
Link to article in French.
The Core Competencies are intended for adult providers of adolescent sexual and reproductive health and serve as a foundation of professional capabilities that all providers should strive to possess in order to deliver effective, sensitive and appropriate sexual health care and services to adolescents.
The Core Competencies are divided into 5 major domains:
- Professional and Legal Role
- Adolescent Development
- Youth-centered Approach and Youth Culture
- Sexual and Reproductive Health
Information is provided that details what a provider should know and should be able to do for each domain.
Core Competencies Subcommittee of the Adolescent Sexual Health Work Group (ASHWH), California Core Competencies for Providers of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Programs/Services. 2008. Core Competencies.
Link to “California Core Competencies for Providers of Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health.”
Reuters released an article detailing a study done by Mark Hatzenbuehler from Columbia University that “found lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) youth are less likely to attempt suicide when surrounded by a supportive social environment.” The original source research article was published in Pediatrics and is titled “Social Environment Linked to Gay Teen Suicide Risk.” The research study was based on data from three years’ worth of health surveys that were completed by high school students in Oregon.
They found several interesting results:
- LGB youth were more likely to attempt suicide compared to heterosexual youth (21.5% vs. 4.2%)
- Among LGB youth, the risk of committing suicide was 20% greater in unsupportive environments compared to supportive environments.
- A supportive environment was associated with a fewer suicide attempts.
This research study revealed that a negative environment can increase risk for suicide attempts among LGB youth and policy change should focus on improving social environment to address sexual-orientation related disparities in suicide attempts.
Pittman, G. “Social Environment Linked to Gay Teen Suicide Risk.” Reuters. 18 April, 2011. Web. 8 Dec, 2013.
Hatzenbuehler, M. “The Social Environment and Suicide Attempts in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youth.” (2011). Pediatrics. doi: 10.1542.
Link to Reuters Article
Link to Source Article by Hatzenbuehler
Advocates for Youth, established in 1980, aims to help young people make informed and responsible decisions about their sexual and reproductive rights. They focus on working with young people ages 14-25 in the U.S. and abroad and treat young people as a valuable resource.
Advocate for Youth’s Rights. Respect. Respnsibility (3Rs) Core Values:
RIGHTS: Youth have the right to accurate and complete sexual health information, confidential reproductive and sexual health services, and a secure stake in the future.
RESPECT: Youth deserve respect. Valuing young people means involving them in the design, implementation and evaluation of programs and policies that affect their health and well-being.
RESPONSIBILITY: Society has the responsibility to provide young people with the tools they need to safeguard their sexual health, and young people have the responsibility to protect themselves from too-early childbearing and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV.
Their website contains information such as:
They also publish a variety of publications ranging from topics such as “Peer Education” to “State Facts” and “Abstinence Only Programs.”
You can connect with Advocates for Youth via Facebook, Twitter, & Tumblr
This comprehensive resource list, compiled by the University of Michigan Health System, provides information relating to sexual issues affecting youth with disabilities or chronic conditions.
Providing clear and accurate information to youths with disabilities is important–
“Young people with disabilities are no different from other kids in their need to understand their bodies and relationships; they, too, need to understand how their bodies work, and may have romantic longings and sexual interests. The following resources cover the many aspects of disability, love, sex and puberty in a responsible, open and affirming manner.”
The resource list is includes many web resources, print resources and information about organizations. You can also ask questions about this topic.
Click here for a link to “Sexuality Education for Youth with Disability or Chronic Illness: A Resource List”
This article, published by Child Trends, is targeted to school principals, district staff, and others who are responsible for all aspects of school functioning. It would also be useful to individuals focusing on a narrower range of school functions (e.g., academics, health and safety, civic development) who want a better sense of how their concerns fit into the larger environment and overall adolescent development.
The brief presents information from data and research studies organized around the following themes:
- Health— Schools and Obesity, Schools and Drug Use, Schools and Mental Health, Schools and Health Care
- School Safety and Violence–School Violence
- School Social Supports
- Academic Quality
- Civic Engagement
- Changing Demographics
The authors hope that by compiling this information, schools can develop socially competent, physically healthy and civically engaged youth who will carry those assets into adulthood. In addition, a greater awareness can be built around adolescent development and schools can coordinate their practices with health care providers, after-school programs, and students’ families.
Marin, P., and Brown, B. (2008) The School Environment and Adolescent Well-Being: Beyond Academics. Child Trends Research Brief. Washington, D.C.: Child Trends., 1-11
Link to “Beyond Academics: The School Environment and Adolescent Well-Being”
This article published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, the purpose of the article was
To examine the association between “competence” and adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) outcomes. Competence refers to the development of skills to perform tasks successfully in four areas including social and behavioral, cognitive, emotional, and moral competence. We conducted a systematic review of research published from 1985 through 2007… Helping adolescents to achieve cognitive, social, and behavioral competence may reduce the likelihood of sexual activity and teen pregnancy, and increase contraceptive use.
The article discusses the method of the research conducted and the results. You can view the entire article here: Competence as a Predictor of Sexual and Reproductive Health Outcomes for Youth