The Impact of Homophobia and Racism on GLBTQ Youth of Color (2007)

This publication focuses on the obstacles youth of color face with discrimination and racism.

  • Queer youth of color are less likely to be out to their parents
  • In research gathered at Black Pride events, Black youth said the church considered homosexuality a sin.
  • Youth of color say they feel they have to choose between culture and sexual identities.

Click here to read the full article.

Females United For Action

FUFA: Females United for Action was a non for profit organization that worked with young women and gender queer youth in Chicago. They organized a traveling photo exhibit called “Alternative Windows” which allowed the participants and viewers to document images of people of color that were not begin shown on mainstream media. This group is most know for their campaign against La Ley’s 107.9 sexist billboard ads “25 Pegaditas”. The group formed a campaign to take down the billboards from CTA busses and trains and on the streets. FUFA was successful in this campaign and the billboards were taken down.

The group also fought back censorship from Gallery 37 when one of the FUFA members submitted a nude picture of three generations in her family and it was turned down by Gallery 37. FUFA protested the Gallery 37 decision in an effort to let the young person submit the picture and be a part of the showcase.

FUFA does not operate as a 501c3 anymore but the relationships that were built between the members still exist and are strong.

This resource is helpful for those working with young people who want to start their own group, feminist, youth groups and those who want to start campaigns.

Check out their wordpress here.

Check out their facebebook page here.

The Price of Our Blood: Why Ferguson Is a Reproductive Justice Issue

This article takes on a recent event and applies a reproductive justice lens on it. It talks about how what happened in Ferguson is related to women’s reproductive justice because having and raising a child in the U.S. is tough.

This article is good for teachers and professors wanting to talk about recent events with their students. It is also a good resource for Gender Women Studies classes that want to draw the link between current events and reproductive justice.

To read the rest of the article click here.

Planned Parenthood Illinois Action Committee


Planned Parenthood Illinois Action (PPIA) is an independent, nonpartisan, not-for-profit organization formed as the advocacy and political arm of Planned Parenthood of Illinois (PPIL).

PPIA engages in educational and electoral activity, including public education campaigns, grassroots organizing, and legislative advocacy, on behalf of commonsense policies that protect the reproductive health and rights of women, teens, and families. The Planned Parenthood Illinois Political Action Committee (PAC) is a nonpartisan political action committee committed to supporting pro-choice, pro-family planning candidates for office.

PPIA is a visible and passionate supporter of policies that enable Illinoisans to access comprehensive sexual and reproductive health care, education, and information. Whether talking to members of Congress, members of the Illinois General Assembly, parents or community leaders, they fight for an agenda that promotes women’s health and access to reproductive health care, as well as an agenda that protects the health and safety of young people by providing them with comprehensive sex education.

PPIA has thousands of activists, supporters, and donors statewide. The action network helps pass and defeat legislation, elects public officials, and influences the political climate in the state of Illinois.

To learn more about the Planned Parenthood Illinois Political Action Committee, click here.

Teens, Social Media, and Privacy

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This research study, conducted by the Pew Research Center in collaboration with the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, examines the relationships of teenagers with the various social media that are a big part of modern life. The study states that social media are designed to encourage the sharing of personal information in a public form and, though teenagers have confidence in their ability to adjust the privacy settings of their profiles, they overwhelmingly feel unconcerned about the possibility of unwanted third parties contacting them or accessing their information. Furthermore, the amount of information being shared by teens online has risen significantly since the last study conducted in 2006.

While the study does not explicitly reference any specific implications, the results are relevant to adolescent sexual health in a variety of ways, including the potential for exposure to solicitation or unwanted advertising by companies and individuals and the task of building and maintaining relationships, as well as an online presence and reputation. It is important that youth learn about the responsible use of social media and the potential risks of sharing personal information online.

The Pew Research Center provides nonpartisan, factual information to the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping America and the world. To read the full report, visit their webpage or click the image above.

Faith In Our Families: Parents, Families and Friends Talk About Religion and Homosexuality (2006)


Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays (PFLAG) put together a collection of real-life accounts of people who identify themselves as LGBT and people who have family members who are LGBT and are struggling with their religious faith as a result. Topics such as changing religious denominations, facing opposition, educating others, and keeping one’s faith are discussed. The brochure includes resources for the LGBT community and their family and friends and also names of  religious and spiritual groups that are welcoming to the LGBT community.

Citation: PFLAG. (2006). Faith in Our Families: Parents, Families and Friends Talk bout Religion and Homosexuality. 1-20

Link to PDF of the “Faith in Our Families” booklet

Advocates for Youth

Advocates for Youth, established in 1980, aims to help young people make informed and responsible decisions about their sexual and reproductive rights.  They focus on working with young people ages 14-25 in the U.S. and abroad and treat young people as a valuable resource.

Advocate for Youth’s Rights. Respect. Respnsibility (3Rs) Core Values:

RIGHTS: Youth have the right to accurate and complete sexual health information, confidential reproductive and sexual health services, and a secure stake in the future.

RESPECT: Youth deserve respect. Valuing young people means involving them in the design, implementation and evaluation of programs and policies that affect their health and well-being.

RESPONSIBILITY: Society has the responsibility to provide young people with the tools they need to safeguard their sexual health, and young people have the responsibility to protect themselves from too-early childbearing and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV.

Their website contains information such as:

They also publish a variety of publications ranging from topics such as “Peer Education” to “State Facts” and “Abstinence Only Programs.”

You can connect with Advocates for Youth via Facebook, Twitter, & Tumblr

Sex and Tech Survey

The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy (NCPTUP) and came together to explore “sexting” among teens, ages 13-19 and young adults, ages 20-26. The study, conducted by TRU, a leader in studying  teens and young adults, asked participants questions about sending and receiving nude and semi-nude photos and sexually suggestive messaging via electronic devices, how these sexually suggestive images and messaging impacted their real-life, and also if it was common to share explicit material with others. The article also includes “5 tips to help parents talk to their kids about sex and technology.” A copy of the “Sex and Tech” questionnaire is also included.

Some interesting findings include:

  • “51% of teen girls say pressure from a guy is a reason girls send sexy messages or images; only 18% of teen boys cited pressure from female counterparts as a reason.” (p. 4)
  • “83% of young adult women and 75% of young adult men who have sent sexually suggestive content say they have sent/posted such material to a boyfriend/ girlfriend.” (p. 2)
  • “75% of teens and 71% of young adults say sending sexually suggestive content “can have serious nega- tive consequences.” (p. 3)

Citation: The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy. Sex and tech: Results from a survey of teens and young adults. Retrieved from

Link to “Sex and Tech Survey” (PDF)

Trends in Internet & Mobile HIV Prevention (2007)

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As the number of people using the internet cell phones increase, the use of such technology as health intervention and prevention tools has been proposed and examined.  Programs can reach a much larger and geographically diverse population and information can be individually tailored, thus increasing the impact and relevancy of health education efforts.

In this study, the authors conducted a literature review on PubMed and the NIH Computer Retrieval of Information on Scientific Projects in order to identify recent advances in technology-based HIV prevention and intervention research.  They found that the state of internet based HIV prevention and intervention efforts are still preliminary but studies also highlighted the feasibility and likability of Internet-based and cell-phone based HIV education programs for the target population.  The studies also show promising data regarding participant retention and possible positive behavior changes.

Link to “Trends in Internet and Mobile HIV Prevention.” (PDF)

A Review of Positive Youth Development Programs That Promote Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health

“A Review of Positive Youth Development Programs That Promote Adolescent Sexual & Reproductive Health” has an editorial titled “Positive Youth Development as a Strategy to Promote Adolescent and Reproductive Health” that can be used together. What is quoted below comes directly from the editorial, but is supported from the findings of this research study.


The use of positive youth development (PYD) is a potential strategy to promote adolescent health because they enhance an adolescent’s ability to respond effectively to developmental challenges they may face. PYD programs help teens seek  positive experiences and support through adults, their school environment, volunteer experiences, and work environment in the future.

PYD program goals should foster one or more of the following developmental outcomes in youth:

  • Connectedness–pro-social and bonding.
  • Competence–cognitive, social, behavioral, emotional, and moral.
  • Character–spirituality and pro-social norms.
  • Confidence–self-efficacy, belief in the future, self- determination, clear and positive identity
  • “An essential part of public health is to provide America’s youth with accurate, age-appropriate information about sexual risk reduction, the benefits of abstaining from sex, teen pregnancy, HIV/AIDS, and STI. A number of sex education programs have been developed and shown to effectively reduce sexual risk behavior.” (Gavin et al., 2010, p. S1)
  • “High-quality youth development programs are characterized by the presence of goals that promote positive development, the creation of opportunities and experiences that enable young people to nurture their interests and talents, practice new skills, and gain a sense of confidence, competence and belief in the future, and the creation of an atmosphere of hope and the valuing of youth.” (Gavin, et al., 2010, p. S3)

Citation: Gavin, L.E., Catalano, R. F., David-Ferdon, C., Gloppen, K.M., Markham, C.M. (2010). A review of positive youth development programs that promote adolescent sexual and reproductive health. Journal of Adolescent Heath. Vol. 46. p. S75-S91.

Link to article.

Link to “Positive Youth Development as a Strategy to Promote Adolescent and Reproductive Health”

National Guidelines for Internet-Based STD/HIV Prevention (2010)


A user-friendly document developed to aid health departments and community-based nonprofit organizations using the Internet as a tool for the control and prevention of STDs including HIV. The Guidelines focus on three distinct types of Internet activities: Internet-based Partner Services (IPS), Outreach, and Health Communications.

  • “This section of the Internet Guidelines makes recommendations for conducting Internet-based partner services (IPS), which includes Internet-based partner notification (IPN), for both STDs and HIV, in virtual settings, such as through e-mail, instant messaging (IM) and in chat rooms.”
  • “This section of the Internet Guidelines makes recommendations for conducting STD/HIV prevention outreach and recruitment activities on the Internet and through virtual settings, such as chat rooms, social networks, bulletin boards, e-mail groups, and other online communities.”

Citation: National Coalition of STD Directors: Promoting Sexual Health through STD Prevention. (2010). National Guidelines for Internet-based STD and HIV Prevention. Retrieved from

Link to website.

Computer Technology-Based HIV Prevention Interventions (2008)


This fact sheet discusses the use of technology in the process of behavioral interventions to promote positive practices as way to reduce the transmission of HIV/AIDS. These computer technology-based measures are individually tailored, can be interactive videos, and group targeted. The success rates of these computer-based intervention measures were discussed, how these interventions work in a rural context, internet-based interventions, and how to develop internet-based interventions.

  • “Comparison of the impact of computer technology-based interventions with previously tested human-delivered interventions generally revealed similar effects of these two intervention types.” (p. 2)
  • “[In terms of internet-based interventions], many of these types of interventions may show promise in terms of innovative HIV prevention strategies, but strong evaluation data on these approaches are not yet available.” (p. 2)
  • “Interventions were most efficacious when: 1) they targeted a single gender (rather than both genders), 2) they used individualized tailoring and a stages of change model, 3) they included multiple intervention sessions.” (p. 2)

Citation: Rural Center for AIDS/STD Prevention. (2008) Computer Technology-Based HIV Prevention Interventions. No. 22. 1-4

Link to fact sheet.

Cellular Ringtone Launched To Promote Condom Use (2008)


The BBC World Service Trust has produced a cellular phone ringtone in India that says “condom, condom” to promote safer sex and curb the spread of HIV in the country. This was an initiative by the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) and was funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. NACO has begun to use different types of media, such as TV and video games, to target young people in a discussion on practicing safe sex.

  • “Ringtones have become such personal statements that a specially created condom ringtone seemed just the right way of combining a practical message with a fun approach.”
  • “Trust country director for India, said that organizers have made a ‘conscious effort to move the concept of the condom away from negative association, like HIV and sex work.'”

Citation: Kaiser Health News. (2008) Cellular Ringtone Launched in India To Promote Condom Use, Curb Spread of HIV. Retrieved from

Link to article.

Cell Phone Soap Operas Deliver Safe-Sex Messages (2009)


Two-hundred fifty women participated in a federal study in which women watched 20-minute soap opera episodes on their cell phones. Their risk-reduction behavior was measured against a control group that received text messages urging condom use, but no video. This educational campaign, using professional actors and scripts, was based on focus groups with women in Newark, New Jersey and Jersey City, New Jersey and was created by a nurse educator at Rutgers University.

“The scene is from a soap opera with a purpose: to use short videos to go beyond pamphlets on safe sex and deliver the message to women who might otherwise tune it out.” (Santi, 2009, p. A6)

Citation: Santi, A. D. (2009, January 4). Cell phone soap opera delivers safe-sex message. Springfield News-Sun. pp. A6

Link to article.

Can Text Messaging Results Reduce Time to Treatment of Chlamydia Trachomatis? (2009)

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This article, published in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infectionsexamines the impact of text messaging as the preferred method of communicating positive Chlamydia trachomatis test results to patients and see if there was a reduction time to treatment.

The researchers found no significant difference in median time to treatment for all patients, which differed from an earlier study which did find reduced median time to treatment after the introduction of text messaging.  However, this study showed that there was not ethnicity disadvantage associated with text messaging and supports the notion that using text messaging is at least as effective as traditional means of communication.


Lim, E. J., Haar, J. and Morgan, J. Can text messaging results reduce time to treatment of Chlamydia trachomatis? 2008. Sex Transm Infect. 84:563-564.

Link to “Can Text Messaging Results Reduce Time to Treatment of Chlamydia Trachomatis?” (Subscription only)

Exposure to Sex on TV May Increase the Chance of Teen Pregnancy (2008)


This fact sheet provided by Rand Health provides information regarding teen pregnancy and exposure to sex on television.

  • Nearly 1 million American women ages 15-19 become pregnant each year. And a majority of these pregnancies are unplanned.
  • Rand conducted a survey to study the link between exposure to sex on TV and teen pregnancy. They found that “frequent exposure to TV sexual content was associated with a significantly greater likelihood of teen pregnancy in the following three years.”
  • From the results, researchers estimated that ” teens who are likely to become pregnant or be responsible for a pregnancy in their teen years is two times greater among those who view high levels of televised sexual content than those who view low levels.


  • This is the first study to demonstrate a link between TV and teen pregnancy.

These results have several practical implications:

  • TV industry leaders should examine how programming can include messages to teens about the consequences of sexual activity.
  • Media literacy instruction in middle and high schools can help teens think more critically about the relative absence of negative consequences of sex in TV portrayals and encourage thinking about alternative outcomes to those seen on TV.
  • Training for pediatricians should include intensified efforts to teach about the effects of media exposure on children’s health.
  • Parents need to monitor their teens’ TV viewing and provide education about the consequensces of sex. Tools that can help them review television content may be helpful.

To view the fact sheet: Exposure to Sex on TV may increase the Chance of Teen Pregnancy

Does Watching Sex on Television Predict Teen Pregnancy? Findings From a National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (2009)

This research study, published in the journal Pediatrics, uses data from a national longitudinal sample of youths to look at whether there is a possible connection between exposure to sex on television and adolescent pregnancy.  A previous study by Collins et al. found a relationship between exposure to sex on television and earlier initiation of sex among adolescents and this study is a follow-up and extension of that study.

Data for this survey were from a longitudinal survey of youths ages 12-17 years old.  The youths were first interviewed in 2001 and then were contacted twice in 2002 and 2004 for follow-up surveys.  They survey measured factors such as television viewing, exposure to sexual content on television, sexual knowledge, attitudes and behaviors, and whether he or she has gotten a girl pregnant or become pregnant.

The study found that “adolescents who view substantial televised sexual content have an increased risk of experiencing a pregnancy before age 20, compared with youths who view less sexual content on television” (Chandra et al. 1052).  The study reinforces the importance of encouraging industry leaders of the media to include televised messages about the consequences youths face when engaging in sexual activity and also the importance of educating pediatricians about the effects of television on child and adolescent health.


Chandra, A., Martino, S.C., Collins, R.L., Elliott, M.N., Berry, S.B., Kanouse, D.E. and Miu, A. Does Watching Sex on Television Predict Teen Pregnancy? Findings From a National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. (2008). Pediatrics. 122:1047.

Link to “Does Watching Sex on Television Predict Teen Pregnancy?”

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Parent-Adolescent Communication about Sex in Latino Families: A Guide for Practitioners

This publication published by the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy assesses available information on parent-teen communication in Latino families, and also pinpoints the research findings that are most useful to practitioners.  It is mainly a resource for practitioners and illustrates specific characteristics that define Latino families in regards to acculturation, education, family structure, and religiosity and how each of these characteristic can affect adolescent-parent communication, especially about sexual health.

In addition, the publication gives communication tips for Latino parents on stressing cultural importance of morals, the importance of talking to both daughters and sons about sex and contraception, and knowing when the time is right to talk about these topics. Communication tips are available in both English and Spanish.

Interesting facts include:

  •  “A study conducted by Latina magazine and the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy found that while 47% of Latino teens said they were sexually experienced, only 30% of Latino parents thought their teen had had sex.” (Ramos-Guilamo & Bouris, 2008, p. 11)
  • “Although parents from all ethnic and racial groups find it difficult to talk to their child about sex, a number of studies have suggested that Latino parents do not talk as often about sex as do other parents.”  (Ramos-Guilamo & Bouris, 2008, p. 13)

Citation: Ramos-Guilamo, V. & Bouris, A. (2008). Parent-adolescent communication about sex in latino families: A guide to practicioners. The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unwanted Pregnancy. p. 1-22

Link to “Parent-Adolescent Communication about Sex in Latino Families: A Guide for Practitioners “

Electronic Media and Youth Violence (2008)


An issue brief for educators and caregivers focusing on the phenomena of electronic aggression and summarizes what is known about young people and electronic aggression. The brief also discusses the implications of these findings for school staff, educational policy makers, and caregivers.

  • “9 to 35 percent of young people say they have been the victim of electronic aggression. As with face-to-face bullying, estimates of electronic aggression perpetration are lower than victimization, ranging from 4% to 21%.1 In some cases, the higher end of the range (e.g., 21% and 35%) reflects studies that asked about electronic aggression over a longer time period (e.g., a year as opposed to 2 months). In other cases, the higher percentages reflect studies that defined electronic aggression more broadly (e.g., spreading rumors, telling lies, or making threats as opposed to just telling lies).” (Hertz & David-Ferdon, 2008, p. 5)
  • “6 percent of internet users ages 10-17 said they had been the victim of “on-line harassment,” defined as threats or other offensive behavior [not sexual solicitation] sent on-line to someone or posted on-line.” (Hertz & David-Ferdon, 2008, p. 6)
  • “Young people who are victims of internet harassment are significantly more likely than those who have not been victim­ ized to use alcohol and other drugs, receive school detention or suspension, skip school, or experience in-person victimization.” (Hertz & David-Ferdon, 2008, p. 8)

Citation: Hertz, M.F., David-Ferdon, C., (2008). Electronic media and youth violence: A CDC issue brief for educators and caregivers. Centers for Disease Control. p. 1-22

Link to article.