ʺHow Could You Do This to Me?ʺ: How Lesbians, Bisexual and Queer Latinas Negotiate Sexual Identity with Their Families (2010)

This journal article is writen by Katie Acosta from Tulane University. She writes that there are 5 experiences queer Latinas go through with their families.

  1. Everything is cool.
  2. It makes me sad.
  3. I don’t care what you think.
  4. What good would it do?
  5. A fantasy world.

Katie posits that Queer Latinas go through different experiences with their families.

Click here to read more.


Creating Safe Space for GLBTQ Youth: A Toolkit (2005)

The Creating Safe Space Toolkit for GLBTQ Youthpublished by Advocates for Youth and Girl’s Best Friend Foundation, is intended for youth-serving professionals, especially in fields such as youth development, education, health care, and social work.

This toolkit addresses topics concerning homophobia and transphobia among youth and provides advice and tips in assessing an organization’s internal climate and staff’s personal attitudes regarding sexual orientation and gender identity, developing proactive policies, and developing positive attitudes regarding GLBTQ people.

The first part of the toolkit complies a lot of data from studies and surveys that looked at the homophobic climate in the U.S, sexual orientation development, family relationships, GLBT youth of color, substance abuse, lack of GLBT youth positive role models, sexual risks, and suicide risks.  The second part of the toolkit provides tips and strategies for creating a safe and inclusive space for GLBTQ youth.

Click here for a PDF of the “Creating Safe Space for GLBTQ Youth” Toolkit

Be Yourself (2006)

The “Be Yourself” booklet, published by Parents, Families, and Friends of Lesbians and Gays, is targeted towards youth who are or may be GLBT and have questions or are interested in looking for more information via websites and organizations.

Very detailed answers are provided for questions ranging from “Is it okay to be GLBT?” to “Do I need to worry about HIV and AIDS?”  Topics discussed include reparative therapy, ex-gay ministries, gender identity, stereotypes, youth of color, HIV, AIDS, acceptance, coming out, communication, harassment, friendships and family.  A list of organizations and resources is also included.

Link to PDF of “Be Yourself” booklet

Family Rejection as a Predictor of Negative Health Outcomes in White and Latino Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Young Adults


Objective: We examined specific family rejecting reactions to sexual orientation and gender expression during adolescense as predictors of current health problems in a sample of lesbian, gay and bisexual young adults.

Results: Higher rates of family rejection were significantly associated with poorer health outcomes. On the basis of odds ratios, lesbian, gay and bisexual young adults who reported higher levels of family rejection during adolescense were 8.4 times more likely to report having attempted suicide, 5.9 times more likely to report high levels of depression, 3.4 times more likely to use illegal drugs, and 3.4 times more likely to report having engaged in uprotected sexual intercourse compared with peers from families that reported no or low levels of family rejection. Latino men reported the highest number of negative family reactions to their sexual orientation in adolescence.

Conclusions: This study establishes a clear link between specific parental and caregiver rejecting behaviors and negative health problems in young lesbian, gay and bisexual adults. Providers who serve this population should assess and help educate families about the impact of rejecting behaviors. Couseling families, providing anticipatory guidance, and referring families for couseling and support can help make a critical difference in helping decrease risk and increase well-being for lesbian, gay and bisexual youth.

To view the entire review: Family Rejection of LGBTQ Youth


Ryan, C., Huebner, D., Diaz, R. M., & Sanchez, J., (2009) Family Rejection as a Predictor of Negative Health Outcomes in White and Latino Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Young Adults, Official Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. 123, 346-352

Using Sibling Differences to Estimate Effects of Parenting on Adolescent Sexual Risk Behaviors (2008)

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This research study looked at whether parenting during mid-adolescence affects sexual risk behaviors (frequency of intercourse, unprotected intercourse, and number of sexual partners) during late adolescence.

The researchers used data from the National Longitudinal Study of Youth 1997 (NLSY97), an annual survey study of youth in America born between 1980 and 1984. The original sample consisted of a nationally representative group of 8984 adolescents between the ages of 12 and 16 years.  The researchers performed follow-up phone calls for the following six years.

Results from this study showed that “more negative and psychologically controlling parenting during mid-adolescence predicted higher levels of sexual risk behaviors (such as multiple partners, more frequent intercourse, and lack of effective birth control) during late adolescence. Negative and psychologically controlling parenting behaviors may inhibit adolescents’ development of self-efficacy and identity, interfere with mature and responsible decision-making skills, and affect the development of healthy relationships, in turn leading to an elevated likelihood of engaging in risky behaviors”

The researchers were also interested in whether adolescents’ engagement in regular activities with their families was protective and their results showed that “even within families, differences in adolescents’ participation in family activities were prospectively linked to differences in risky sexual behaviors.”

The results from this study suggest that parenting and family processes may influence adolescent risky sexual behaviors. Regular family activities may buffer adolescents, while negative parenting behaviors may increase adolescents’ engagement in sexual risk behaviors.


Coley, R. L., Mendeiros, B. L. and  Schindler, H.S. Using Sibling Differences to Estimate Effects of Parenting on Adolescent Sexual Risk Behaviors. 2008. Journal of Adolescent Health. 43:2. 133-140.

Link to “Using Sibling Differences to Estimate Effects of Parenting on Adolescent Sexual Risk Behaviors”

Trends in Sexual Experience, Contraceptive Use, and Teenage Childbearing: 1992–2002


This article identifies how family, individual, and relationship characteristics are associated with the transition to sexual intercourse, contraceptive use during the first sexual encounter, and the transition to a teen pregnancy. Results indicate that changes in family and relationship characteristics among American teens have been associated with positive trends in reproductive health since the early 1990s. The research suggests that it is important for programs to take into consideration how family, individual, and relationship environments influence decision-making about sex, contraception, and childbearing.

  • “National trends also show declines in sexual experience and increases in contraceptive use among teens. However, researchers, advocates, and policy makers disagree about whether the decline in teen birth rates is because of increases in abstinence or to increases in contraceptive use or more effective method use among sexually active teens.” (Manlove et al., 2009, p. 413)
  • “Analyses support hypotheses that changes in teens’ family environments and sexual relationships may have contributed to improvements in reproductive health behaviors.” (Manlove et al., 2009, p. 420)
  • “Our findings also indicate, however, that positive family trends may be offset, in part, by increases in nonmarital child-bearing and single-parent families.” (Manlove et al., 2009, p. 421)
  • “As hypothesized, we found that changes in sexual relationships across cohorts may help explain improved patterns of reproductive health. For example, an older age at first sex is linked to increased contraceptive use for males and females and reduced odds of a teen birth for females, supporting previous research.” (Manlove et al., 2009, p. 421)

Manlove, J., Ikramullah, E., Mincieli, L., Holcombe, E., & Danish, S. (2009). Trends in sexual experience, contraceptive use, and teenage childbearing: 1992–2002. Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 44., Issue 5, 413–423.

Link to article.