Tag Archives: HIV/AIDS

Young Women Who Have Sex with Women – Falling Thru the Cracks for Sexual Health Care (2001)

This article, published by Advocates for Youth, focuses on the risks that young women who have sex with women (YWSW) face.  It is often assumed that YWSW are at little or no risk for HIV, other STIs and unintended pregnancies when in fact, YWSW can be at risk for all three. Interesting data and statistics […]

Respecting the Rights of GLBTQ Youth (2002)

Summary: This Transitions article aims to compile and detail the best approach to help programs focus on the needs of GLBTQ youth and offers factual information and risks that GLBTQ youth face.  It includes fact sheets, tips and suggestions, GLBTQ’s health care bill of rights and first hand accounts by teens and youth advocates. A survey […]

Our Daughters and Sons (2006)

“Our Daughters and Sons” is a booklet published by the organization Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays (PFLAG) that focuses on educating parents whose children might be or are gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender.  The booklet provides very detailed answers to common questions that parents may have such as “Why is my chid […]

Questions and Answers: LGBTQ Youth Issues FAQ

This online resource on the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SEICUS) website focuses on answering common questions regarding LGBTQ youth.  Topics discussed include data from surveys regarding same-sex sexual behavior, HIV/AIDS and STD risks, mental health, homelessness, schools and education and general trends. Citation: “Questions and Answers: LGBTQ Youth Issues.” Sexuality Information […]

NCHHSTP State Profiles from Centers for Disease Control (2010)

The 2010 NCHHSTP State Profile is the most recent (as of Jan 2014) statistical report released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that provides information regarding HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD and TB for all 50 states.  Each report also includes descriptions of prevention and control programs that the specific state public health officials […]

Effective Sex Education (2006)

This article, written by Brigid McKeon (Advocates for Youth) provides an overview of the effectiveness and characteristics of comprehensive sex education and the dangers of abstinence-only programs . By age 18, 70% of U.S. females and 62% of U.S. males have initiated vaginal sex.  Adolescents have a fundamental human right to comprehensive and accurate sexual […]

Douglas Kirby’s 17 Characteristics at a Glance (2007)

“17 Characteristics at a Glance” is taken from Kirby et al.’s report, Sex and HIV Education Programs for Youth: Their Impact and Important Characteristics and their publication, Tools to Assess Characteristics of Effective Sex and STD/HIV Education Programs (TAC).  This is a brief one page description of the 17 common characteristics of programs found to be effective in changing […]

Comprehensive Sex Education: Research and Results (2009)

This research takes a look at federal spending on abstinence programs that are proven ineffective.  Statistics that compare the effectiveness of abstinence only programs with comprehensive sex education programs show that the latter is greater and that abstinence programs have no viewable effect on teens reducing sexual activity and/or using safety measures if they do […]

Waxman Report – Abstinence Only Programs (2004)

In 2005, the federal government planned to spend $170 million dollars on abstinence-only sex education programs under the Bush administration.  At the request of Rep. Henry Waxman, this report evaluates the content of the most popular abstinence-only curricula used by grantees of the largest federal abstinence initiative at the time, SPRANS (Special Programs of Regional […]

The Accuracy of Condom Information in Three Selected Abstinence-Only Education Curricula (2008)

Condom use promotion has been an important public health strategy for preventing HIV and STIs.  In addition, research has indicated that when used correctly and consistently, condoms can protect against HIV/AIDS, pregnancy, gonorrhea in men, chlamydia, syphilis, herpes, and possibly HPV.  Since 1998, the federal government has greatly expanded its support for abstinence-only education programs […]

Positive Youth Development as a Strategy to Promote Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health

“Positive Youth Development as a Strategy to Promote Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health” is an editorial of the research study titled “A Review of of Positive Youth Development Programs that Promote Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health,” which can be found in the Journal of Adolescent Health. Summary: The use of positive youth development (PYD) is a […]

SexEdLibrary

SexEdLibrary, a website designed by the Sexual Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS), is the most comprehensive online sex education resource.  They’ve analyzed  hundreds of lesson plans from many sources to offer easy access to the very best information on topics such as sexual and reproductive health, puberty, abstinence, relationships, sexual orientation, body […]

CDC’s School Health Programs: Improving the Health of our Nation’s Youth (2011)

This report compiled by the Centers for Disease Control Division of Child and Adolescent Health focuses on how schools can promote health education and decrease health risks children and adolescents face and will face.  The report includes data and information about current (2011) trends regarding health education in schools and also detailed information about CDC’s […]

A Review of Positive Youth Development Programs That Promote Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health

“A Review of Positive Youth Development Programs That Promote Adolescent Sexual & Reproductive Health” has an editorial titled “Positive Youth Development as a Strategy to Promote Adolescent and Reproductive Health” that can be used together. What is quoted below comes directly from the editorial, but is supported from the findings of this research study. Summary: […]

National Guidelines for Internet-Based STD/HIV Prevention (2010)

Summary: A user-friendly document developed to aid health departments and community-based nonprofit organizations using the Internet as a tool for the control and prevention of STDs including HIV. The Guidelines focus on three distinct types of Internet activities: Internet-based Partner Services (IPS), Outreach, and Health Communications. “This section of the Internet Guidelines makes recommendations for […]

Confidence as a Predictor of Sexual and Reproductive Health Outcomes for Youth

Summary: This article assesses the association between four positive youth development (PYD) constructs of confidence and adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) outcomes. The four constructs are:  belief in the future, self-determination, clear and positive identity, and self-efficacy. According to this study, both belief in the future and self-determination were shown as protective factors for ASRH, while […]

Computer Technology-Based HIV Prevention Interventions (2008)

Summary: This fact sheet discusses the use of technology in the process of behavioral interventions to promote positive practices as way to reduce the transmission of HIV/AIDS. These computer technology-based measures are individually tailored, can be interactive videos, and group targeted. The success rates of these computer-based intervention measures were discussed, how these interventions work […]

Parent–Adolescent Sexual Communication: Associations of Condom Use with Condom Discussions (2009)

This study, published in the journal AIDS and Behavior, examines the relationship between teen-parent sexual communication, discussion about condoms, and condom use among teens in mental health treatment.  Adolescents between the ages 13-17 years old and who have undergone mental health treatment within the past year were eligible.  Both eligible adolescents and their parents were […]

Recommendations for Partner Services Programs for HIV Infection, Syphilis, Gonorrhea, and Chlamydial Infection (2008)

This comprehensive report compiled by the Centers for Disease Control highlight the importance of program collaboration and service integration in the provision of services provided to partners of people with HIV and other STDs such as syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia.  Because coinfection with HIV and one or more other STDs is common, all persons with […]

Oral Sex and HIV Risk (2009)

  The Center for Disease Control and Prevention issued a booklet discussing oral sex and the risk factors associated with it and the risk for HIV. Although the risk of transmitting HIV through oral sex is much lower than through anal and vaginal sex, some studies have demonstrated that oral sex can result in HIV […]