A Trauma Informed Approach for Adolescent Sexual-Health

This is a report that talks about how to do comprehensive sexual education with youth that have been through trauma.

It covers sexual health, sexual education, populations affected, preventions, trauma, strengths and needs, therapeutic services and safety plans for those who have experienced trauma.

Click on the link before to read more.

A-Trauma-Informed-Approach-for-Adolescent-Sexual-Health

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Computer Technology-Based HIV Prevention Interventions (2008)

Summary:

This fact sheet discusses the use of technology in the process of behavioral interventions to promote positive practices as way to reduce the transmission of HIV/AIDS. These computer technology-based measures are individually tailored, can be interactive videos, and group targeted. The success rates of these computer-based intervention measures were discussed, how these interventions work in a rural context, internet-based interventions, and how to develop internet-based interventions.

  • “Comparison of the impact of computer technology-based interventions with previously tested human-delivered interventions generally revealed similar effects of these two intervention types.” (p. 2)
  • “[In terms of internet-based interventions], many of these types of interventions may show promise in terms of innovative HIV prevention strategies, but strong evaluation data on these approaches are not yet available.” (p. 2)
  • “Interventions were most efficacious when: 1) they targeted a single gender (rather than both genders), 2) they used individualized tailoring and a stages of change model, 3) they included multiple intervention sessions.” (p. 2)

Citation: Rural Center for AIDS/STD Prevention. (2008) Computer Technology-Based HIV Prevention Interventions. No. 22. 1-4

Link to fact sheet.

Teen Births: Examining the Recent Increase (2009)

This research briefly explores whether the recent data showing reflect a rise in teen pregnancy rates is a short-term blip or a true reversal in the decline in the U.S. teen birth rate. It considers available evidence that might explain the apparent loss of momentum, and raises data and research gaps that must be filled to strengthen public and private prevention efforts.

Click here to read more.

 

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HIV Infection, Testing, and Risk Behaviors Among Youths (2012)

Young people in the United States are at persistent risk for HIV infection. This risk is especially notable for youth of minority races and ethnicities. Continual HIV prevention outreach and education efforts, including programs on abstinence and on delaying the initiation of sex, are required as new generations replace the generations that benefited from earlier prevention strategies. Unless otherwise noted, this fact sheet defines youth, or young people, as persons who are 13–24 years of age.

“An estimated 1.1 million people are living with HIV in the United States and about 50,000 people get HIV each year. Recent data indicate that 1 in 4 (26%) of new HIV infections occur in youth, between the ages of 13-24. In 2010, about 12,000 young people, or about 1,000 per month, were infected with HIV. bAlso disturbing is that about 60% of youth with HIV do not know that they are infected and can unknowingly pass the virus to others.”

Read the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) for more information  [opens new window]

Facts on Sexually Transmitted Infections in the United States (2009)

This fact sheet compiled by Guttmacher Institute provides detailed information and data from a variety of resources regarding sexually transmitted diseases in the United States.  A variety of topics are discussed including medical costs, symptoms, populations at risk, chlamydia, syphilis, hepatitis B, gonorrhea, HPV, HIV, AIDS, prevention, testing, and treatment.

Some interesting facts include:

  • Close to 40% of people who test positive for HIV are diagnosed with full-blown AIDS within one year, and the majority of those who get an HIV test late in the course of their infection do so because they are already ill.
  • To date, there are vaccines for only two viral STIs: hepatitis B and HPV. The hepatitis B vaccine was introduced in 1982, and today an estimated 70 million adolescents and adults, and more than 50 million infants and children, have received at least one dose of the vaccine. The vaccine protecting against four high-risk strains of HPV was introduced in 2006, and as of December 31, 2008, 23 million doses of the vaccine had been distributed in the United States.
  • Direct medical costs associated with STIs in the United States are estimated at $14.7 billion annually in 2006 dollars. More than $8 billion is spent each year to diagnose and treat STIs and their complications, not including HIV.

Link to Facts on Sexually Transmitted Infections in the United States (2009) [PDF]